In the strip of sea between Sardinia and Corsica, also known as Bocche di Bonifacio, there is a galaxy of islands and islets surrounded by turquoise sea: one of the world’s most beautiful landscapes, under special protection due to its naturalistic value.
The national park of La Maddalena Archipelago covers more than 20,000 hectares of sea and land. It embraces 180 kilometres of coast and includes more than 60 islands big and small, of granite and schist, sculpted by wind and currents. Among these, the highlights are Budelli, Caprera, Razzoli, Santa Maria, Santo Stefano and Spargi, unforgettable destinations of boat tours leaving from Baja Sardinia, La Maddalena, Palau and Santa Teresa Gallura. Thanks to the many coves, there are countless landing points; the colours of the sea are unique, as well as the rocks, sculpted like natural monuments, and the seabeds, a diver’s paradise; in particular we suggest the shallows Spargiotello, Washington, Punta Coticcio and Grottino di San Francesco.
The park is part of Europe’s network of environmental excellence, and it is under extreme surveillance: sports, fishing and diving are allowed, but must be authorised at first. It is a attractive landscape for its morphology and flora: almost one thousand plant species, 50 of which are endemic and others very rare. Its fauna is very particular. The Budelli pink beach, for instance, derives from the sediments of a little organism that adheres to shells, algae and corals. A typical species is the Pinna nobilis, the largest bivalve mollusc of the Mediterranean sea. The most common cetaceous is the bottlenose dolphin, which you may glimpse in groups of even thirty members. Easily found in the park is Caretta-Caretta, the common sea turtle. Common birds include Audouin’s gulls and European shags.
In addition to Stagnali, in Caprera, the seat of environmental education centres, the only town in the archipelago is La Maddalena, founded in 1770. Among its beaches of clear water and fine sand, do not miss Bassa Trinita, Cala Francese and Cala Lunga, Monti d’a Rena, Punta Tegge and Spalmatore. The archipelago is an necessary itinerary in the Mediterranean: its strategic position attracted Napoleon and Nelson. Garibaldi lived his last 26 years in Caprera. The figure of the hero of two worlds is told in the famous Compendio Garibaldino.
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